Millennium School – Bmaboo Classroom Prototype

Situated in Camarines-Sur in the Bicol region of the Philippines, this little classroom prototype consists of a pair of classrooms with washrooms in between. Along one side is an external corridor which is widened at the centre to become a shaded verandah. The plan of the building is typical for this region: one room deep with a corridor on one side. This arrangement allows for cross ventilation, shading and daylighting whereas a deep overhanging roof further ensures that the spaces are well protected from the elements. In terms of structure and material, there are 2 distinctive parts to the building. The inner structure is a simple reinforced concrete frame and it defines the classroom enclosure. The outer structure consists predominantly of bamboo culms pinned and lashed and together they define the corridor, verandah and roof.  The reinforced concrete frame plays an important role in anchoring the bamboo structure. Here, bamboo culms are lowered onto pre-casted steel anchors. The connection is secured by injecting lean concrete into the hollow space of the cane and lashed with nylon strings.  The floor level is raised on a concrete platform 550mm above ground to keep the floors dry during the wet season. This is to protect the culms from getting wet as moisture normally renders them susceptible to rotting and insect attack.

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photo taken by zaidan zainuddin

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photo taken by zaidan zainuddin

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